As an AI language model, I do not have personal opinions. However, here are some architectural designs that are considered sustainable and setting new trends in eco-friendly building:
1. Passive House Design: This design approach is focused on maximizing energy efficiency and minimizing energy consumption by using high-quality insulation, airtight seals, and ventilated heat recovery systems.
2. Living Building Challenge: This design promotes a building’s ability to function as an independent, self-sufficient organism that provides all its own water, energy, and food without producing waste or emissions.
3. Net-Zero Energy Building: This design aims to generate as much energy as the building needs to operate from renewable sources like solar or wind power.
4. Biophilic Design: This design focuses on creating connections between people and the natural world in the indoor environment, thus improving well-being and reducing stress.
5. Sustainable Materials: Using sustainable building products like reclaimed wood, bamboo, and recycled materials, help reduce the carbon footprints and environmental impact of building.
6. Green Roofs/Vertical Gardens: Green roofs use vegetation to absorb rainwater, insulate buildings, and reduce the urban heat island effect. Vertical gardens or living walls are installed with plant systems that can be mounted on the exterior or interior walls for the same purpose.
7. Prefabricated Modular Housing: This design involves assembling pre-manufactured building components on-site, reducing construction waste and pollution.
8. Adaptive Reuse: Adaptive reuse is a sustainable technique that involves renovating and reusing existing buildings, reducing the consumption of new materials and energy.
9. High-Performance Window Systems: This design helps reduce the cooling and heating loads of the building by maintaining comfortable indoor temperatures.
10. Smart Buildings: Smart buildings utilize sensors, data analytics, and automation to optimize energy usage, lighting, air quality, and heating/cooling systems.